Centro Ricerche Archeologiche e Scavi di Torino
per il Medio Oriente e l'Asia


    • Location: Piazza Statuto, 10 – 10122 Torino Tel. 011/4338857


    • President: Carlo Lippolis


    • Scientific director: Stefano de Martino


    • Scientific board: Niccolò Manassero // Roberta Menegazzi // Vito Messina


    • Board of the partners:
      Università degli Studi di Torino - (Prof. Gianmaria Ajani)
      Fondazione CRT - (Prof. Giovanni Quaglia)
      Città di Torino - (Dott.ssa Chiara Appendino)
      Città Metropolitana - (Dott.ssa Chiara Appendino)


    • Board of directors:
      Carlo Lippolis (president) - Università degli Studi di Torino
      Paolo Del Vesco - Fondazione CRT
      Carla Piro - Città di Torino
      Edoardo Tamagnone - Provincia di Torino
      Elena Devecchi - Università degli Studi di Torino


    • Duration of the authority: open-ended


    • Payment: free position, except for refund of expenses

    • The Centro Ricerche Archeologiche e Scavi di Torino in its current form originated as an independent offshoot of Is.M.E.O.’s and Turin’s Centro Scavi e Ricerche in Asia, and was founded upon the initiative of Giorgio Gullini on September 16, 1963 by the University of Turin, the City of Turin and the Province of Turin, subsequently joined by the Region of Piedmont (until 2014) and the Fondazione CRT, in order to support the archaeological research, especially abroad, of the University of Turin’s Institute of Archaeology and, since its creation in 1982, by the Department of Anthropological, Archaeological and Historical/Territorial Sciences (nowadays Department of Historical Studies). It was granted official recognition with D.P.R. n. 702 of March 28, 1972.


    • Thanks to a fruitful scientific cooperation with the Polytechnic University of Turin and the University of Turin’s Faculty of Science, and to the introduction, in archaeological research, of the contributions of mathematical, physical and natural sciences, the Centro Scavi’s activities have taken place, with a fortunate intuition from the outset, through an interdisciplinary approach that led archaeologists to work with researchers from different backgrounds: anthropologists, biologists, chemists, physicists, geologists, topographers, and experts in photogrammetry, remote sensing and information technology.


    • The Centre has always operated in this way in order to correctly manage and preserve our cultural heritage, for the purposes of both reconstructing historical scenarios and of presenting the archaeological research’s results to the public.


    • For over 50 years, the Centre has thus linked its name and that of Turin to historical/archaeological research, especially in Mediterranean countries, including Italy, and the Near and Middle East.


  • Abroad, on behalf of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, it performs Italy’s duties stemming from cooperation agreements in cultural projects with several countries. It has worked in Jordan, Lebanon, Tunisia and Italy, and is currently working on research campaigns in Iraq, Iran, Turkmenistan and Pakistan.

The Staff

Carlo Lippolis
// President //

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Carlo Lippolis is Professor of Archaeology and History of Art of the Ancient Near East at the University of Torino. He is specialized in the study of the spread of the Hellenistic culture in Central Asia and in the civilizations of the ancient Near East. He is director of the scientific journals Mesopotamia e Parthica and the series Monografie di Mesopotamia. Since 2011 he has coordinated the restoration works of the Iraq Museum of Baghdad. He is director of the excavations at Parthian Nisa (Turkmenistan) and Tulul al Baqarat (Iraq).For his field researches, in 2013 he was awarded by the President of Turkmenistan with the International “Magtymguly” Cultural Prize

Stefano De Martino
// Scientific Director //

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Stefano de Martino is full professor of Hittitology at the University of Torino. He is vice-director of the Department of Historical Studies, director of the PhD School of Humanistic Studies and coordinator of the PhD in Archaeological, Historical and Artistic Sciences of the University of Torino. From 2009 to 2011 he directed the Department of Antropological, Archaeological and Territorial Sciences of the University of Turin; from 2005 to 2008 he was Head of the Faculty of Humanities at the University of Trieste. His researches focus on the Hittite and Hurrite cultures from a philological, historical and religious point of view. He is director of the series EOTHEN, Collana di studi sulle civiltà dell’Oriente antico, and of the section “Letterature dell’Asia Minore” of the series Testi del Vicino Oriente antico; he is co-director of the journal KASKAL. He is a member of the scientific board of the journal Mesopotamia and the series Texte der Hethiter.

Niccolò Manassero
// Scientific Board //

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Niccolò Manassero is an archaeologist educated at the University of Torino, specialized in the study of the nomadic societies of Iranian roots, especially Scythians and Parthians, and their cultural and commercial interaction with the classical, Graeco-Roman civilization. He published iconographical studies on Scythian, Parthian and Thracian arts, and on the non-verbal identity maks of Parthians and Sasanians. He has been vice-director of the excavations at Nisa (Turkmenistan) and is currently leading the excavations at Banbhore (Pakistan).

Roberta Menegazzi
// Scientific Board //

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Roberta Menegazzi is doctor of Archaeology of the Ancient Near East. She is specialized in the study of the cultural interrelations between Mesopotamia and the Eastern Mediterranean in Seleucid and Parthian times, and she has published the corpus of the terracotta figurines from Seleucia on the Tigris. For the Centro Scavi, she has taken part in campaigns of recording and excavations in Turkmenistan, Iraq and Jordan. She is a member of the editorial board of the journal Mesopotamia.

Vito Messina
// Scientific Board //

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Vito Messina is Assistant Professor of Iranian Archaeology at the University of Torino (Dipartimento di Studi Storici), and co-director of the Iranian-Italian Joint Expedition in Khuzestan. His research focuses on cultural interrelations in the ancient world, royal ideology in Seleucid and Parthian Asia, Mesopotamia and Iran in the 1st millennium BC, administration procedures in the Hellenistic world, new technologies in archaeology, preservation and conservation of endangered regions’ Cultural Heritage.

Chiara Invernizzi
// Secretary //

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Chiara Invernizzi is in charge of the administrative office of the Centro Scavi. She coordinates the organization of archaeological expeditions, the expense sheets, the contacts with public service and private and public authorities. She arranges balance sheets and reports for the auditors and the members of the board of directors, flanking the archaeological staff in the logistics and in the event planning and organization.

The Presidents 1963-2011

GulliniGiorgio Gullini

The founder of the Centro Scavi di Torino, Giorgio Gullini, graduated at the University of Rome in 1944. He was Inspector in the Antiquities and Fine Arts Administration until 1952, and Director up to 1956, when he was awarded the chair in Archaeology and History of Greek and Roman Art at the University of Turin, held until 1998. In this University, he was Director of the Institute of Archaeology from 1958 to 1981, Head of the Department of Anthropological, Archaeological and Historical/Territorial Sciences, founded by him, until 1989, as well as Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Philosophy from 1962 to 1972. He was also President of the Sector Committee for the Archaeological Heritage (National Council of Cultural Heritage) from 1976 to 1986 and Member of the National Council of Universities from 1979 to 1986. He was a national member of Turin’s Academy of Sciences and a correspondent member of Rome’s Accademia dei Lincei. One of the first aides of Giuseppe Tucci in the archaeological missions in Pakistan, in Afghanistan and in Iran, from 1955 to 1961 Giorgio Gullini took part in the exploration of the city of Udegram, anciently known as Ora, founded by Alexander the Great, in the Swat, of the Ghazni palace in Afghanistan and of the Kuh-i-Khwaja complex in Seistan (Iran). In 1963, together with Turin’s local government authorities and the University of Turin and with the support of the Cassa di Risparmio di Torino, Gullini promoted the creation of the Centro Ricerche Archeologiche e Scavi di Torino per il Medio Oriente e l’Asia, of which he was at first the Scientific Director and then the President, until 2004, the year in which he died. In these roles, he outlined, developed and directed the research conducted by Turin’s archaeological school in Iraq, Iran, Central Asia, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Tunisia, as well as in Italy, in Locri and Selinus. Gullini’s research focused on great issues of antiquity, considering the development of the great Mediterranean cultures from the 3rd millennium B.C. to the late antique period, as stages and aspects of an essentially homogeneous scenario. His vast body of studies includes over 100 works and articles in specialized journals and ranges from classical to eastern archaeology. In 1966, Gullini founded (and directed for many years) “Mesopotamia”, a Journal of Archaeology, Epigraphy and Ancient Eastern History, supplemented by monographs dedicated to specific topics and especially to the final reports of the Centro Scav's researches in Asia. In 1969 he founded the Iraqi-Italian Institute of Archaeological Sciences and the Iraqi-Italian Centre for the Restoration of Monuments, innovative instruments of a continuous joint cooperation with local authorities through the application of the most advanced technologies for the management of cultural heritage. With the same intent he also created, through international agreements, the Italian-Jordanian Institute of Archaeological Sciences in Amman and the Italian-Tunisian Institute of Cultural Heritage Science in Tunis, whose scope of activities extends to the entire Maghreb region. From the late 1960s, Gullini increasingly focused his attention on the contribution of physical, mathematical and natural sciences in the management of cultural heritage. He directed the CNR’s first Targeted Project “Science for Cultural Heritage” from 1978 until its end, and, in part, he contributed to the commencement of feasibility studies for the second project of the same name. As President of the Scientific Council, Gullini contributed to the organization and restructuring of the CNR’s “Institute of Technology Applied to Cultural Heritage”. In 1971 he received the Gold Medal for Scientific Achievements in Culture and the Arts.

InvernizziAntonio Invernizzi

Alumnus of Giorgio Gullini, Antonio Invernizzi graduated at the University of Turin in 1963. He was Assistant Professor of Greek and Roman Archaeology and History of Art at the University of Cagliari in years 1967-1969. In 1970 he was awarded the chair in Near Eastern Archaeology at the University of Turin, held until 2008. He was Scientific Director of the Centro Scavi since 1990 and President of the same institution in years 2007-2010. Since 2009 he is Professor Emeritus of the University of Turin. He is a national member of the Accademia delle Scienze of Turin. His researches on the field range from Iraq to Central Asia. In years 1968-1976 he was field director of the Italian Archaeological Mission at Seleucia on the Tigris (Iraq). He was then Director of the archaeological survey in the Atrek valley in Khorasan, Iran (1975-1976), of the excavations in the Hamrin basin and the Roman fortress of Kifrin, Iraq (1977-1983), and of the excavations in Parthian Nisa, Turkmenistan (1990-2003). He has been a member of the editorial board of the journal Mesopotamia since its foundation, being in charge as director from 2004 up to 2010. In 1999 he founded the journal Parthica. Incontri di culture nel mondo antico, and directed it until 2012. He is Director of the series Mnème, which he founded in 2001 together with Giorgio Gullini. His huge scientific production includes Mesopotamia, Iran and Central Asia, being mainly focused on the various aspects of the intercultural encounters and exchanges in Hellenized Asia. Besides the seminal contributions on archaeology and history of arts, in the last years his sphere of interests has been expanding towards a new research branch, with the publication of documents and reports of journeys of the first European travellers through Asia.