Nimrud, the ancient Kalhu, was founded in the 9th century B.C. as the capital and royal residence by Assurnasirpal II, the first great sovereign of the Neo-Assyrian empire.
So far, British and Iraqi excavations concentrated their activities on the site’s acropolis and on Fort Shalmaneser. The Centre's excavation in the latter site, however, was partial. The outbreak of the Gulf War did not allow the completion of the works planned at the start of the Italian mission.